White Fir

Abies concolor

White Fir
Photo taken in Long Valley by Russ Andersen, NHA
Family:
Pine (Pinaceae)
Size:
130′ – 150′ under ideal conditions; usually about 100′, 3′ – 4′ diameter; max. 200′ by 6′
Age:
Mature in about 300 yrs; seldom older than 350 yrs.
Bark:
Silver-gray to white (which gives this trees its name); on older trees it is very hard, and rough; 4″ – 7″ thick
Needles:
2” – 3”; grow singly off the branches almost at right angles; flattened, blunt tips
Cones:
Usually about 3”-5″ long, olive green to purplish; seldom found on the ground because they disintegrate while they are still on the tree. Cones grow erect on the branches towards the upper reaches of the tree.
Elevation:
6000’ to 9000
Comments:
One of the most common trees in the park, but seldom grows in pure stands. Seedlings do not grow well in open sun; young trees found mainly in shade of parent trees (shade tolerant). During the Christmas season, White fir is sold as “silver fir.”